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Bandar Abbas
Iran
     
Bandar Abbas is a port city and capital of Hormozgan province on the southern coast of Iran (Persia), on the Persian Gulf. The city occupies a strategic position on the narrow Straits of Hormuz.

Bandar Abbas is situated on a flat ground with average altitude of 29 feet above sea level. The nearest elevated areas are mount Geno 17km to the north and mount Pooladi 16km to the north-west of the city. Closest river to Bandar Abbas is river Shoor rooted from mount Geno and pours to Persian gulf, 10km east of the city.

The earliest historical record of Bandar Abbas is during the reign of Darius the Great between 586 and 522 BC where his army commander, Silakos embarked from Bandar Abbas to India and Red sea. During Alexander the Great's conquests of the Persian Empire, there is a mention of Bandar Abbas under name Hormirzad.

In the 16th century, the Portuguese established a presence in the region. They fortified the town and called it Gamru, employing it as a mainland port. The city received its name after Abbas I "the Great" (shah of Persia from 1588 to 1629) took it in 1615. After he defeated the Portuguese in a naval battle off Hormuz with help from the British navy, he developed the town into a major port — "Bandar" means "port". From 1740, control of the town was sold to Arab rulers, and from around 1780 it was controlled by the leaders of Muscat. In 1868, during Muscat and Oman's decline, the town reverted to Persian rule.

Bandar Abbas serves as a major shipping point for mostly imports, and has a long history of trade with India. Thousands of tourists visit the city and nearby islands including Qeshm and Hormuz every year.

 
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21-948-1962     
 
   
 

 



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